I would say no. See this article by Dr. Randall Neustaedter:
Excerpt from Child Health Guide
Vitamin K in newborns
An injection of vitamin K (1.0 mg) is routinely administered to all newborns to prevent unexpected bleeding caused by low levels of vitamin K-dependent blood clotting factors. Vitamin K is present in green vegetables, vegetable oils, and dairy products, but intake or supplementation during pregnancy does not ensure prevention of vitamin K deficiency in newborns.
The syndrome of vitamin K deficiency bleeding occurs in approximately 1 in 10,000 babies. Hemorrhagic disease that occurs from week 2-12 of life is the most dangerous form. Half of these affected babies suffer sudden bleeding into the brain, and 20 percent of affected babies die. Studies have shown that a single injection or oral dose of vitamin K at birth results in adequate coagulation status and vitamin K levels for up to three months following birth.
Injected vitamin K ran into a problem when researchers in 1990 noted an increased incidence of childhood cancer in children given vitamin K injections at birth. Specifically, they found that injected vitamin K doubled the incidence of leukemia in children less than ten years of age. A subsequent study in 1992 revealed the same association between injected vitamin K and cancer, but no such association with oral vitamin K. These researchers recommended exclusive use of oral vitamin K.
Since vitamin K given within 12 hours of birth can reduce the risk of vitamin K deficiency bleeding, it seems prudent to give an oral dose of 1-2 mg. Injections of vitamin K are painful and can cause bruising at the injection site. There may also be an increased risk of cancer associated with vitamin K injections.
Mothers should eat foods with high vitamin K content during pregnancy (green vegetables and dairy products) because vitamin K is transferred to the fetus across the placenta. Pregnant women can also take alfalfa tablets during pregnancy, a good source of vitamin K.
It is also advisable to give 1-2 mg. of vitamin K to breastfed infants at ages one to two weeks and at four weeks. Formulas are already supplemented with vitamin K. Alternatively, nursing mothers can take a daily dose of vitamin K during the first three months following birth. If nursing mothers take a daily 5 mg. vitamin K supplement their babies' vitamin K status improves through the first 12 weeks of life.
Although oral vitamin K is not licensed for use as a drug by the FDA, drops for oral administration are available. Typically, one drop contains 2 mg. of vitamin K. Contact a midwife in your area, or a birthing supply company (such as birthwithlove.com), or Scientific Botanicals (206 527-5521) where your health care provider can order liquid vitamin K directly.
I would recommend reading some of the Dr. Sears books for some unbiased information on both sides of the case. I have had 2 babies, and about to have a 3rd any day now, and so far have not used any vit. K. I am also a midwife assistant, and have yet to administer vit. k to any clients in the last 8 years...so far, no problems.
However, if you really are concerned about vit. k, it is good to increase your intake of dark greens (kale, chard, collards, spinach, etc.) in the last few weeks prior to birth. Green smoothies are a great way to do this. Also, if I myself had to choose a vit. k for my baby, I would go with the oral kind. The *only* reliable source that I have found is called " VItamin k-1 K-Quinone" and is available from Scientific Botanicals, Inc. It is the only vitamin K supplement being used in Europe now, they don't even do injections.
Hope this helps and I hope you have a safe, amazing birth!
I am due (right now 40wks) and my midwife that I plan to birth with told me that a lot of the research says that you really dont need it, she delivered my next door neighbor's child (2 weeks ago) and my neighbor also didn't give it to her child, we bought it just in case we decide to give it (you can give it orally instead of injecting)
Have an amazing easy natural birth!!!